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Essay on National Bird of Nepal in English, Nepali & Hindi Pdf Download – नेपालका राष्ट्रिय बर्डमा निबंध

Nepal is among the most beautiful countries in the world. It is the home of the great Himalayas. Every nation has their own national bird. Nepal’s national bird is Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus) which is also known as Danphe, Impeyan Monal or Impeyan Pheasant. It is a beautiful bird which is also the state bird of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, India, where it is known by the name monal. Below we have provided the essay on Himalayan Monal (The national bird of Nepal). These essays are specifically made for the students of class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 ,10, 11, 12 and College students.

Essay on National Bird of Nepal in Nepali

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The Himalayan Monal, Lophophorus impejanus also known as the Impeyan Monal or Impeyan Pheasant or Danphe is a bird of genus Lophophorus of the pheasant family, Phasianidae. It is the national bird of Nepal, where it is known as the Danfe, and the state bird of Uttarakhand.
Traditionally, the Himalayan Monal has been classified as monotypic. However, studies have shown that the male Himalayan Monals of northwestern India lack the white rump that other Himalayan Monals have, and have more green on the breast, indicating the possibility of a second subspecies.
The scientific name commemorates Lady Mary Impey, the wife of the British chief justice of Bengal, Sir Elijah Impey.

नेपालका राष्ट्रिय बर्डमा निबंध

Essay on National Bird of Nepal

The Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus), also known as the Impeyan monal, Impeyan Pheasant, is a bird in the pheasant family, Phasianidae. It is the national bird of Nepal, where it is known as Danphe, and state bird of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, India, where it is known as monal.

Traditionally, the Himalayan monal has been classified as monophyletic. However, studies have shown that the male Himalayan monal of northwestern India lacks the white rump of other Himalayan monals, and it has more green on the breast, indicating the possibility of a second subspecies.

The scientific name commemorates Lady Mary Impey, the wife of the British chief justice of Bengal Sir Elijah Impey.

Description
It is a relatively large-sized pheasant. The bird is about 70 centimeters long. The male weighs up to 2380 grams and the female 2150. The adult male has multicoloured plumage throughout, while the female, as in other pheasants, is dull in colour. Notable features in the male include a long, metallic green crest, coppery feathers on the back and neck, and a prominent white rump that is most visible when the bird is in flight. The tail feathers of the male are uniformly rufous, becoming darker towards the tips, whereas the lower tail coverts of females are white, barred with black and red. The female has a prominent white patch on the throat and a white strip on the tail. The first-year male and the juvenile resemble the female, but the first-year male is larger and the juvenile is less distinctly marked.

Distribution and habitat
The bird’s natural range extends from eastern Afghanistan through the Himalayas in Pakistan, Kashmir region and the Republic of India (states of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh), Nepal, southern Tibet, and Bhutan. There is also a report of its occurrence in Burma. It occupies upper temperate oak-conifer forests interspersed with open grassy slopes, cliffs and alpine meadows between 2400 and 4500 meters, where it is most common between 2700 and 3700 meters. It may descend to 2000 meters in the winter. It tolerates snow and will dig through it to obtain plant roots and invertebrate prey.

The breeding season is April through August, and they generally form pairs at this time. In winter they congregate in large coveys and roost communally.

Conservation
In some areas, the species is threatened due to poaching and other anthropogenic factors. In a recent study, the local population responded negatively to human disturbance involving hydroelectric power development. The male monal was under hunting pressure in Himachal Pradesh, where the crest feather was used to decorate men’s hats, until 1982, when hunting was banned in the state.

In Pakistan the bird is most common in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province but it can also be found in Kaghan, Palas Valley, and Azad Kashmir. The pheasant is not considered endangered in the region and can be easily located. In some areas, the population density of the species is as high as five pairs per square mile. The main threat to the species is poaching, as the crest is valuable here, as well. It is thought to bring status to its wearer, and is a symbol of authority.

नेपालका राष्ट्रिय बर्डमा निबंध

हिमालय मोनल (लोफोफोरस इस्पेजनस), जसलाई पनि Impeyan मोनल भनिन्छ, Impeyan Pheasant, pheasant परिवार, Phasianidae मा एक पक्षी हो। यो नेपालको राष्ट्रिय पक्षी हो, जहाँ यसलाई डन्नी भनिन्छ, उत्तराखण्ड र हिमाचल प्रदेश राज्य राज्य पक्षी, जहाँ यसलाई मोनल भनिन्छ।

परम्परागत रूपमा, हिमालय मोनल मोनोफिलले को रूप मा वर्गीकृत गरिएको छ। तथापि, अध्ययनहरू देखाइएका छन् कि उत्तरपश्चिम भारतको पुरुष हिमालय मोहरले हिमालयी अन्य हिमालयहरूको सेतो चट्टानको कमी छ, र यो स्तनमा बढी हरियो छ, दोस्रो उप-प्रजातिको सम्भावनाको संकेत गर्दछ।

वैज्ञानिक नाम बङ्गाल सर एलियाह Impey को ब्रिटिश प्रमुख न्याय लेडी मरियम Impey को सम्झना गर्दछ।

विवरण
यो एक अपेक्षाकृत ठूलो आकारको छ। पक्षी लगभग 70 सेन्टिमिटर लामो हुन्छ। पुरुष 2380 ग्राम र महिला 2150 सम्म पुग्छ। पुरुषको पुरुषले बहुमूल्य पिरोयामा भरिएको छ, जबकि महिला, अन्य पनीरहरु जस्तै, रंगमा सुस्त हुन्छ। पुरुषमा उल्लेखनीय सुविधाहरू एक लामो, धातुमा हरियाली क्रेस्ट, पछाडि र गर्दनमा तामाङ पंखहरू, र सबैभन्दा महत्त्वपूर्ण सेतो रङ्ग हुन्छ जब पक्षी उडानमा छ। पुरुषको पूंछ प्वाङ्गहरू समानरूपमा रौफुस हुन्छन्, सुझावहरूको दिशामा अन्धकार बनाइन्छ, जबकि महिलाहरूको निचले पछाडि कालो सेतो सेतो हुन्छ, कालो र रातो रंगमा रोकिन्छ। महिलामा गलामा एक प्रमुख सेतो प्याच र पूरै मा सेतो पट्टी छ। पहिलो वर्षको उमेर र किशोरले महिला जस्तो देखिन्छ, तर पहिलो वर्षको उमेर ठूलो हुन्छ र बच्चा कम फरक चिन्हित हुन्छ।

वितरण र आवास
पक्षीको प्राकृतिक दायरा पूर्वी अफगानिस्तानबाट पाकिस्तान, कश्मीर क्षेत्र र भारत गणराज्य (हिमाचल प्रदेश, उत्तराखण्ड, सिक्किम र अरुणाचल प्रदेश), नेपाल, दक्षिणी तिब्बत र भूटानको माध्यमबाट हिमालयबाट फैलिएको छ। बर्मामा यसको घटनाको रिपोर्ट पनि छ। यो माथिल्लो तापक्रममा रहेको ओक-क्यान्सर जंगलमा जम्मा 2400 र 4500 मिटरको बीच खुला घाँस ढलान, चट्टानहरू र अल्पाइन मेडवेहरू छन्, जहाँ यो 2700 र 3700 मिटरभन्दा बढी छ। जाडोमा 2000 मिटरसम्म उड्न सक्छ। यसले हिउँ सहन सक्छ र रोप्ने जडहरू र अन्डरटेब्रेट सिक्न पाउँदछ।

प्रजनन मौसम अप्रिल मार्फत हुन्छ, र तिनीहरू सामान्यतया यो समयमा जोडी हुन्छन्। जाडोमा तिनीहरू सामूहिक रूपमा ठूलो कभोरी र रूटमा छन्।

संरक्षण
केही क्षेत्रहरूमा, प्रजातिहरूले पोषण र अन्य एन्थ्रोपोनिकेन कारकहरूको कारणले धम्की दिएको छ। भर्खरैको अध्ययनमा, स्थानीय जनसंख्याले हाइड्रोइलेक्ट्रिक शक्ति विकास समावेश गरेको मानव अशांतिलाई नकारात्मक प्रतिक्रिया देखायो। हिमाचल प्रदेशमा पुरुष मोहर शिकार शिकार भएको थियो, जहाँ 1 9 82 सम्म पुरुषको टोपीलाई सजावट गर्न क्रिभ प्वाइटर प्रयोग गरिएको थियो, जब राज्यमा प्रतिबन्ध लगाइएको थियो।

पाकिस्तानमा बिरोधको खरब पञ्चुनखवा प्रांतमा प्रायः साधारण छ तर यो काङ्गन, पालस घाटी र आजाद कश्मीरमा पनि पाउन सकिन्छ। Pheasant को क्षेत्र मा खतरनाक मानिन्छ र सजिलै संग स्थित हुन सक्छ। केही क्षेत्रमा, प्रजातिहरूको आबादी घनत्व प्रति वर्ग माइलमा पाँच जोडीको रूपमा उच्च छ। प्रजातान्त्रिक प्रमुख खतरा चिन्ताजनक छ, जस्तै कि क्रिस्ट यहाँ बहुमूल्य छ। यो आफ्नो पहनने को स्थिति को स्थिति मा ल्याएको छ, र अधिकार को प्रतीक हो।

Essay about national bird of nepal

Lophophorus – The National Bird of Nepal

Lophophorus which is also referred as Daphne in Nepali is the national bird of Nepal.
It is in the list of most beautiful bird in the kingdom of Nepal. Not, only it’s on the most beautiful bird’s list, it is also in the list of endangered species in Nepal. Many organizations in Nepal are taking a strong measure to protect this species from extinction. People in Nepal should work together to protect this bird for extinction because it is a unique symbol of Nepal. Let share this world with this bird in the days of peace and harmony.

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